- Both our bodies started to spin around.
- To know her is to love her.
- His dream is to become an actor.
- It gave me the change to enjoy a variety of space foods.
- I feel so lucky to have a beautiful home planet.
- You have to use a straw to eat soup.
- I have decided not to eat too much before the test.（否定）
不定詞の意味上の主語を for ~ で表す。
- I waited for a miracle to happen.
- Here is a new DVD for you to watch.
- The man made room for her to enter.
- Eating without the help of gravity is a problem.
- My hobby is watching stars.
- I like traveling alone.
- You don’t have to worry about hurting your back.
- He remembers his family’s eating only one meal a day.
- He remembers his family eating only one meal a day.
- Do you mind my asking a question?
- Do you mind me asking a question?
- She doesn’t care about John’s forgetting to pay.
- She doesn’t care about John forgetting to pay.
- Have you finished your homework yet?
- They have lived in Japan for 20 years.
- My grandfather has been to New York eight times.
- He had never played with a full orchestra before coming to New York.
- She had lived in London for 10 years before she came back to Japan.
- Her story has been told for many years.
- Has the map of the old city been completed yet?
助動詞 + have + 過去分詞「〜だったかもしれない」「〜できただろうに」
現在から見た過去の時点の推量・可能性・能力 （could/would/should have pp）
- Since millions of fans predicted World Cup games, there could have been thousands who made eight correct predictions.
- No one would have thought that they were old people.
- You could have come with us if you had arrived earlier.
- I should have studied hard for the exam, but I didn’t.
could < might < may < can < should < ought to < would < will < must
（who, whose, whom, which, that）
- The story is about a Chinese student who moves to Japan.
- She is the writer whose novel won the prize.
- These are the writers whom [that] I like best.
- She wrote a novel which [that] was based on an old Japanese story.
- Persian is one of the languages which [that] people in Iran speak.
- I talked to him working at bicycle-parking places.
- My daughter is a university student studying engineering.
- Tawada has won a prize given to foreign writers who contribute to German culture.
関係代名詞 what (~= the thing which)
- He listens to a tape recorded for him and remembers what he hears.
- What is important is to put your heart into your music.
- This is what I want you to do.
（where, when, why, how）
- I lived in a place where there were many day laborers.
- Do you know the year when that NPO started?
- He tries to tell us the reason why trust is important.
- We are surprised to see how they are running their NPO.
- They had a daughter, who went to Europe to study music.
- Their house, which burned down last year, has been built again.
- Let’s go to Hokkaido in June, when the weather is beautiful.
- The hotel, where they stayed for the night, was near the ocean.
前置詞 + 関係代名詞
- Paul was given two boxes in which there were mussels.
- Bob is the boy with whom I go to school every day.
- She is the scientist (whom) I talked about yesterday.
- This is the movie (which [that]) I’m planning to go to.
- You did a lot of fieldwork, observing chimpanzees in the wild.
- I was reading a book on the train, listening to music.
- Walking out of the door, I felt the first drops of rain.
- Feeling tried, I went to bed earlier than usual.
- Forced to take another job, maybe I would like to be a taxi driver for a day.
- Told to be quiet, he got very angry.
- Not having enough time to think deeply, you don’t even know what your next move will be until you place your hand on the piece.
- Not knowing what to say, she didn’t say anything at all.
- How would you feel if these were photos of your own family?
- If I knew her number, I would phone her.
- I wish I were there with you.
- She is crying as if she were a little baby.
- If he had lived one day longer, he would have seen it in print.
- I could have gone skiing if I had not been tired.
- If I had had enough money, I would have bought a better computer.
- If he had not spend so much time on the Web, he might not have failed the exam.
- Everyone wonders when the new park will open.
- I don’t know if he finished his journey safely.
- It is very important that you watch them and observe their behavior.
- It is a surprise that she knew the answer.
- It is natural that his mother was excited about the result.
- It is possible that he will win the medal.
- It is well known that Germans love soccer.
- It is believed that if you wash your money in this pond, you will get rich.
- It is reported that the road was closed because of the heavy snow.
主語には、problem, fact, reason などがくる。
- The problem was that her mother tongue, Persian, bones not use Chinese characters.
- The fact is that the earth looks like an oasis in space.
- The reason for her success is that she enjoys the challenges.
（hear/see/make/have/let A do）
- He heard his mother sing “Jingle Bells.”
- I saw a lot of people enter the concert hall.
- The Davidsons did their best to make them feel at home.
- The teacher had his students help him with the work.
- The teacher let us go home early.
- I often saw them sleeping on the streets.
- We heard somebody playing the piano in the music room.
- They wanted the wall painted white.
- He found himself left alone in the forest.
- I kept working in a Japanese company.
- My two-year-old daughter came running to me.
- He got caught by the police.
- Please remain seated at your desk.
- The photos will show you what people went through in the 20th century.
- The TV program will tell you how he became a famous actor.
- She didn’t tell her family when she would come back.
- A group of shogi players were discussing whether or not you could predict what the game would be like 10 moves from now.
- I don’t know whether he has completed his journey safely.
- I wonder whether she loved him.
- We humans must understand that wild animals have the right to live.
- The fact that he is blind means nothing when it comes to playing the piano.（that節）
- I have no idea what will happen to us.（wh節）
- He has a dream of becoming a researcher.（of+動名詞）
seem to; it seems that「のように思える」
- Everything seemed to be lost.
- He seems to be a real adventurer.
- It seemed that earthquakes had caused many changes in the seabed.
- It seems that no other archaeologist is as professional as Franch Goddio.
- They found it very difficult to dive in the muddy water of the bay.
- I think it strange that all the records of Cleopatra have been lost.
- I liked it better when we didn’t have so much homework.
（with n adj/participle/prep_phrase）
- We saw a boy playing with his little brother on his back.
- She was listening to my story with her eyes closed.
- She always washes the dishes with the water running.
- The changes are not always bad.
- Not all of my students understand my class.
- No every canoe is made from a log.
used to, would「よく〜したものだ」
- The Aleut used to make kayaks.
- We don’t see anything now, but there used to be a beautiful castle here.
- I couldn’t do anything because my computer would not work.
- I would rather stay home and read a book.（むしろ〜したい）
（aux be pp）
- Its library books would be replaced with computers.
- In clear weather, Mt. Fuji can be seen from Shinjuku.
- The wild area must not be destroyed.
- Should this cake be eaten by the end of this week?
no matter + 疑問詞「どんなに〜であっても」
- No matter how busy his father is, he always has time to give him a big smile.
- No matter where you go, you can use the Internet.
- No matter what you say to me, I won’t go with you tomorrow.
- No matter who your friends are, your father will welcome them.
be to 不定詞「することになっている」「しなければならない」
- The farewell cartoon was to appear some six weeks later.（予定）
- He was never to return home after he went abroad.（運命）
- You are to write a report by Monday.（義務・命令）